Dog desexing takes place in the sterile environment of veterinary hospitals and requires the care and skill of a qualified vet.
The dog receives a general anaesthetic before the surgical procedure of desexing occurs. Most return home on the same day as the surgery is performed.
Pre-anaesthetic check up:
Prior to general anaesthesia, the vet will check your dog’s heart and lung function and general health. Pre-anaesthetic blood testing: This is done using in-clinic laboratory machines. Vital organs, such as the liver and kidneys, are evaluated. Sometimes blood testing is factored into the cost of the operation, while other vets elect to make it optional, in which case an extra cost is incurred.
Intravenous fluid therapy: Intravenous fluids are administered during surgery, as blood pressure and body temperature can drop during anaesthesia. IVF is sometimes included in the price of desexing, or may be offered as an optional extra. Many vets are now including pre-anaesthetic blood testing and intravenous fluid therapy in the cost of desexing as a safeguard.
All anaesthetics and operations contain risks, although with modern anaesthetics, pre-blood testing and monitoring equipment, the risk of a complication is relatively low.
Post Operative Care:
- For the first week, keep your dog calm and quiet and restrict all exercise. This is to prevent damage to the stitches or stretching and opening of the wound.
- A very active dog may need to be confined to the laundry or another small room.
- Ensure the dog has a comfortable warm bed, as this is where he or she will be recuperating.
- Some dogs may need to wear a plastic Elizabethan collar for a few days if they attempt to chew the stitches.
After the first week, short, slow walks on the lead may be permissible if your dog feels up to it. No running, jumping or swimming allowed. After that, your dog should be back his or her routine. Post – operative infections are not common, but can occur.
This is general information only, please consult your vet for professional advice. See Legal Disclaimer.